PAST EXAMS

HIS 251/PHY 202/PS 244                                                                                Prof.A.M.Saperstein
Technology and National Security

Final Exam - Distributed in class, 4/23/98;
to be turned in at Physics Office, before10:30,a.m. 5/15/98
This exam is worth 350 points (35% of grade).

In answering the following questions, be explicit about all assumptions you make, carefully cite all information sources you use, and write clearly, completely, and succinctly.

I.  Identify and give the significance of any 19 of the following (Total 190,10 points each):

 1.Bernard Brodie 2.Paul Nitze
 3.Bernard Baruch 4.T-34
 5.CTBT 6.INF Treaty
 7.SIOP 8.CEP
 9.IFF Problem 10.pistol duels
 11.Sun Tzu 12."competitive fly-off"
 13.wound ballistics 14.window of opportunity/vulnerability
 15.bias 16.hardness
 17.theologian 18.friction
 19.ELF 20.spontaneous fission
 21.gladius 22.T.K. Jones
 23.needle gun 24.stirrup
 25.MIRV 26.uranium-238
 
II. Short essays (Total 60, 15 points each). Be clear, complete, and concise.

1.Explain how the "equivalent megatonnage" can be increased while the corresponding total  megatonnage is being decreased.

2.What is the relation between civil defense and the "first strike scenario"?

3.O'Connell has compared ICBMs to dreadnoughts.  Give arguments for and against the  appropriateness of this comparison.

4.How have "parochial bureaucratic interests" hindered progress in arms control.
 

III. Long essays (Total 100, 50 points each). In addressing two of the following topics, write clearly, completely, and concisely, backing up all your assertions with appropriate material from readings for this course.

1. Discuss the meaning, the relation between,  and the evolution, during the nuclear era, of the two  concepts: "deterrence" and "war fighting".

2. Some say it was the U.S. that initiated the nuclear "arms race" and kept it going; others put the  "blame" on the U.S.S.R.  Discuss this question, reaching a conclusion which is solidly  based upon historical, political, and technical evidence.

3. Discuss and compare the prelude, the event, and the aftermath of a "conventional" city bombing  such as that of Tokyo and the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima.

4. Discuss the arguments for and against "nuclear proliferation"; make sure you include the  political and technical difficulties, and the possible resolution of these difficulties.

IV. Feedback (No points, but please answer carefully).
   a) Which of the assigned readings did you like the most? the least? Why?
  b) Which of the assigned films did you like the most? the least? Why?

HIS 251/PHY 202/PS 244                                                                                Prof.A.M.Saperstein
Technology and National Security

Final Exam - In class component                                   10:40 am - 1:10 pm,  December 13, 1991

The Total Final is worth 400 points (40% of grade);  this part is worth 280 points.

In answering the following questions, be explicit about all assumptions you make, carefully cite all information sources you use, and write clearly, completely, and succinctly.

I.  Identify and give the significance of any 12 of the following (10 points each):

 1.Bernard Brodie 2.Paul Nitze
 3.Bernard Baruch 4.T.K. Jones
 5.CTBT 6.INF Treaty
 7.SIOP 8.CEP
 9.IFF Problem 10.MIRV
 11.Sun Tzu 12."competitive fly-off"
 13.wound ballistics 14.window of opportunity/vulnerability
 15.bias 16.hardness
 17.theologian 18.friction
 19.ELF 20.spontaneous fission

 
II. Short essays (15 points each). Be clear, complete, and concise.

1.Explain how the "equivalent megatonnage" can be increased while the corresponding total  megatonnage is being decreased.

2.What is the relation between civil defense and the "first strike scenario"?

3.O'Connell has compared ICBMs to dreadnoughts.  Give arguments for and against the  appropriateness of this comparison.

4.How have "parochial bureaucratic interests" hindered progress in arms control.
 

III. Long essays (50 points each). In addressing two of the following topics, write clearly,  completely, and concisely, backing up all your assertions with appropriate material from  readings for this course.

1. Discuss the meaning, the relation between,  and the evolution, during the nuclear era, of the two  concepts: "deterrence" and "war fighting".

2. Some say it was the U.S. that initiated the nuclear "arms race" and kept it going; others put the  "blame" on the U.S.S.R.  Discuss this question, reaching a conclusion which is solidly  based upon historical, political, and technical evidence.

3. Discuss and compare the prelude, the event, and the aftermath of a "conventional" city bombing  such as that of Tokyo and the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima.

4. Discuss the arguments for and against "nuclear proliferation"; make sure you include the  political and technical difficulties, and the possible resolution of these difficulties.